Connecticut vs. Ohio LLC: A Side-by-Side Comparison

When considering the establishment of a Limited Liability Company (LLC), it is crucial to understand the differences between various states’ regulations and requirements. This comparative analysis focuses on the LLC formation and operation in Connecticut and Ohio.

By examining factors such as formation processes, tax considerations, and business regulations, entrepreneurs and business owners can gain valuable insights to make informed decisions regarding the most suitable state for their LLC.

Connecticut vs. Ohio LLC

  1. Connecticut entails higher fees and publication needs, while Ohio features lower fees and no publication requirement.
  2. Both states advise having an operating agreement to define internal processes.
  3. Both Connecticut and Ohio levy state income taxes on LLC profits, though rates and local fees can vary.

Cost Breakdown of The Two


  • Filing the Articles of Organization costs around $120 to $160.
  • Connecticut requires LLCs to publish a notice of formation in a newspaper, which can cost several hundred dollars.
  • LLCs in Connecticut need to file an annual report with a fee of around $20 to $80.


  • Filing the Articles of Organization costs around $99 to $125.
  • Ohio does not have a publication requirement for LLCs.
  • Ohio LLCs are not required to file an annual report or to maintain active status.

Similarities Between Connecticut and Ohio LLC

Limited Liability Protection: Both Connecticut and Ohio provide limited liability protection to LLC members. This means that the personal assets of members are generally protected from the debts and liabilities of the LLC. This separation helps shield individual members from financial risks associated with the company.

Legal Entity: In both states, forming an LLC creates a separate legal entity that can enter into contracts, own property, and engage in business activities. This legal separation helps provide clarity and protection for the business’s operations.

Operating Agreement: While not required by law in either state, having an operating agreement is recommended in both Connecticut and Ohio. This agreement outlines the internal workings of the LLC, including management structure, member responsibilities, profit distribution, and other essential aspects.

State Filing: Both Connecticut and Ohio require the filing of Articles of Organization with the respective Secretary of State’s office to officially form an LLC. This document contains essential information about the LLC, such as its name, registered agent, and business purpose.

Annual Reporting: In both states, LLCs are typically required to file an annual report with the Secretary of State’s office. This report helps maintain accurate and up-to-date records of the LLC’s contact information, management, and other relevant details.

Name Availability Search: Prior to filing, both states allow individuals to perform a name availability search to ensure that the desired LLC name is not already in use. This helps prevent confusion and ensures the uniqueness of the business name.

Additional Resources:

Steps to Form LLC in Connecticut

  1. Choose a unique name for your LLC.
  2. Check the name’s availability.
  3. File Articles of Organization with the Connecticut Secretary of the State.
  4. Include necessary information, such as LLC’s name, address, and registered agent.
  5. Pay the required filing fee.
  6. Create an Operating Agreement for the LLC.
  7. Obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the IRS.
  8. File an Annual Report with the Connecticut Secretary of the State.
  9. Comply with any local business licenses or permits.
  10. Consider seeking legal advice for specific requirements.

Steps to Form LLC in Ohio

  • Choose a unique name for your LLC.
  • Confirm the name’s availability.
  • File Articles of Organization with the Ohio Secretary of State.
  • Include necessary details like LLC name, address, and statutory agent.
  • Pay the required filing fee.
  • Create an Operating Agreement for your LLC.
  • Obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the IRS.
  • Register for Ohio state taxes if applicable.
  • Research and fulfill any local permits or licenses.
  • Seek legal guidance for specific requirements, if needed.

Feature Comparisons Between Connecticut LLC vs. Ohio LLC

Connecticut LLC

Formation Fees: Higher filing fees and potential additional costs due to newspaper publication requirement.

Operating Agreement: Recommended but not legally required to outline internal workings.

Taxes: Subject to Connecticut state income tax on LLC profits, with rates based on income.

Annual Reporting: Required to file an annual report with associated fees.

Name Reservation: Optional, but available to secure desired LLC name before filing.

Ohio LLC

Formation Fees: Lower filing fees and no mandatory newspaper publication.

Operating Agreement: Advised but not mandatory for internal structure clarification.

Taxes: Subject to Ohio state income tax on LLC profits, with variable rates based on income.

Business Environment

Connecticut LLC

Connecticut is known for its well-educated workforce, which can be advantageous for businesses seeking skilled talent.

Its location in the Northeast provides access to major markets like New York City and Boston, which can be beneficial for business growth and networking.

Connecticut hosts a significant financial industry presence, offering opportunities for financial and professional services.

The cost of doing business in Connecticut, including taxes and living expenses, can be higher compared to many other states.

Ohio LLC

Ohio boasts a diverse economy with strengths in manufacturing, technology, healthcare, and research sectors.

The cost of living and doing business in Ohio tends to be more affordable compared to many northeastern states.

Ohio has a historical strength in manufacturing, offering access to supply chains and skilled labor for businesses in this sector.

Its central location provides easy access to various markets across the Midwest and beyond.

Connecticut vs. Ohio Taxes

Connecticut Taxes

State Income Tax: It has a graduated individual income tax, with rates ranging from 3.00% to 6.99%.

Sales Tax: Connecticut has a 6.35% state sales tax rate and levies no local sales taxes.

Property Taxes: Property taxes can be significant in Connecticut, impacting both individuals and businesses.

Business Entity Tax: Connecticut imposes an annual Business Entity Tax on businesses, including LLCs, which is based on the company’s authorized shares.

Ohio Taxes

State Income Tax: It has a graduated individual income tax, with rates ranging from 2.765% to 3.99%.

Sales Tax: Ohio has a 5.75% state sales tax rate, a max local sales tax rate of 2.25%, and an average combined state and local sales tax rate of 7.24%. 

Property Taxes: Property taxes vary by locality in Ohio, but they generally tend to be lower compared to some other states.

Commercial Activity Tax (CAT): Ohio imposes a Commercial Activity Tax on businesses with significant gross receipts, which can impact larger LLCs.

Flexibility in Rules and Regulations


While not required by law, an operating agreement is recommended in Connecticut. This agreement provides flexibility in outlining how the LLC will be managed, the roles and responsibilities of members, and other internal matters.

Connecticut LLCs can choose to be member-managed (all members participate in management) or manager-managed (specific managers handle operations).

Connecticut allows for various types of members, including individual owners, corporations, other LLCs, and even foreign entities.


Ohio LLCs are not legally required to have an operating agreement, but having one provides flexibility in establishing how the LLC will be managed and governed.

Ohio LLCs can opt for member management or manager management, allowing flexibility in assigning decision-making authority.

Both states allow foreign LLCs (LLCs formed in other states) to register and do business in their jurisdictions, providing flexibility for businesses with operations in multiple states.

Key Differences Between Connecticut and Ohio- An Overview

Differences between Connecticut and Ohio LLC
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