Indiana LLC: Cost Breakdown, Pros and Cons, Requirements

Setting up an Indiana LLC can be a strategic and financially sound decision for aspiring entrepreneurs and business owners.

This Midwestern state, known for its vibrant economy and business-friendly environment, offers a compelling landscape for businesses to flourish.

Before on this exciting journey, it’s crucial to understand the cost breakdown, pros and cons, as well as the requirements associated with forming an LLC in Indiana.

We will explore the intricacies of establishing your own limited liability company in the Hoosier State, helping you make informed decisions to drive your business toward success.

Indiana LLC Features

An Indiana LLC, or Limited Liability Company, offers entrepreneurs and businesses a cost-effective and business-friendly platform to operate within the state.
With low formation costs, strong legal protections, and simplified administrative processes, Indiana fosters an environment conducive to business growth.
Its unique franchise tax system can result in tax advantages for smaller businesses, while its central location, diverse economy, and skilled workforce further contribute to its appeal.
Whether you’re a startup or an established business, forming an Indiana LLC provides an advantageous foundation for success in the heart of the Midwest.

Why Indiana

Affordable Business Costs: Indiana offers a cost-effective environment with low taxes and reasonable living expenses, allowing businesses to allocate more resources to growth and development.

Business-Friendly Regulations: The state’s regulatory climate is known for its friendliness towards entrepreneurs and corporations, making it easier to start and operate a business.

Central Location: Indiana’s central location in the U.S. provides easy access to major markets, making it ideal for businesses involved in logistics, distribution, and manufacturing.

Diverse Economy: The state’s economy spans various sectors, including manufacturing, agriculture, technology, and healthcare, offering opportunities for businesses across industries.

Skilled Workforce: Indiana boasts a well-educated and skilled workforce, ensuring that businesses have access to the talent they need to thrive and innovate.

Cost Breakdown

When considering the formation of an Indiana LLC it’s essential to have a clear understanding of the associated costs.

The expenses involved in establishing and maintaining an Indiana LLC include registration fees, annual maintenance fees, and other potential expenditures. Here’s a detailed breakdown of these costs:

Filing FeeBy mail: $100
Online: $95
Business Entity Report$50 by mail
$31 online
State Income Tax3.15%
Sales Tax7.00%
Corporate Income Tax4.90%

Filing Fee

When you initially form your Indiana LLC, you have two options for submitting the necessary paperwork.

If you choose to file by mail, the filing fee is $100, while the online filing option costs slightly less at $95.

Business Entity Report

After your LLC is established, you’ll need to file an annual Business Entity Report to maintain your LLC’s active status. The cost of this report is $50 if submitted by mail or $31 if filed online.

State Income Tax

Indiana imposes a state income tax rate of 3.15% on business income. This tax rate applies to LLCs and other business entities.

Sales Tax

Indiana has a state sales tax rate of 7.00%. Businesses may be required to collect and remit this tax on eligible sales, depending on the nature of their products or services.

Corporate Income Tax

If your LLC elects to be taxed as a corporation, Indiana has a corporate income tax rate of 4.90%. This tax applies to the net income of the corporation.

Pros and Cons

Pros of Forming an Indiana LLC

Pros of Forming an Indiana LLC

Limited Liability: One of the primary benefits of forming an LLC in Indiana is that it provides limited liability protection to its members.

This means that the personal assets of the members are generally protected from business debts and liabilities.

Pass-Through Taxation: Indiana LLCs enjoy pass-through taxation, which means that business profits and losses are reported on the individual tax returns of the members.

This often results in a simpler tax structure and can potentially lead to tax savings.

Affordable Formation: Indiana offers a cost-effective environment for LLC formation, with relatively low filing fees compared to some other states.

Flexible Management: Indiana law allows LLCs to be managed by members or by appointed managers, providing flexibility in how the business is run.

Strong Legal Framework: Indiana has a well-developed legal framework for businesses, including clear regulations and a well-established legal system, which can provide stability and clarity for business operations.

Cons of Forming an Indiana LLC

Annual Reporting Requirement: Indiana LLCs are required to file an annual Business Entity Report, which comes with a filing fee. Failure to file this report can result in penalties and even dissolution of the LLC.

State Income Tax: While Indiana’s 3.15% state income tax rate is relatively low, it is still an additional tax obligation for LLC members.

Sales Tax: Indiana has a 7.00% sales tax rate, which can impact businesses involved in selling goods or services subject to sales tax.

Corporate Income Tax: If your LLC elects to be taxed as a corporation, it will be subject to Indiana’s corporate income tax rate of 4.90%, which can affect the overall tax liability of the business.

Complex Regulations: While Indiana is generally business-friendly, some industries may face specific regulations and licensing requirements that could add complexity to business operations.

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Requirements to Form an LLC in Indiana

Requirements to Form an LLC in Indiana

1. Choose a Name for Your LLC:

Your LLC’s name must include “Limited Liability Company” or abbreviations like “LLC” or “L.L.C.”

The name must be distinguishable from existing Indiana businesses, so check the Indiana Secretary of State’s business name database for availability.

2. Designate a Registered Agent:

You must appoint a registered agent in Indiana who will receive legal documents on behalf of your LLC. The agent can be an individual or a business entity authorized to conduct business in the state.

3. File Articles of Organization:

Prepare and file the Articles of Organization with the Indiana Secretary of State. You can file online, by mail, or in person. The filing should include:

LLC name and address.

Registered agent’s name and address.

Organizer’s information.

Management structure (member-managed or manager-managed).

Effective date (if different from the filing date).

Signature of the organizer.

4. Pay the Filing Fee:

There is a filing fee associated with submitting the Articles of Organization. The fee was $95 for online filing and $100 for mail or in-person filing. Be sure to check the most current fee schedule.

5. Create an Operating Agreement:

While not legally required, it is strongly recommended to create an operating agreement that outlines the management structure, member roles, voting procedures, and other essential details.

This document is kept internally and helps clarify the operation of your LLC.

6. Obtain an EIN (Employer Identification Number):

If your LLC has more than one member or if you choose to be taxed as a corporation, you will need to obtain an EIN from the IRS. This is used for federal tax purposes.

7. File a Business Entity Report:

After forming your LLC, you must file a Business Entity Report with the Indiana Secretary of State.

This report is due every year and includes updated information about your LLC. The filing fee for this report is $50 if submitted by mail and $31 if filed online.

8. Comply with State and Local Regulations:

Depending on your business type and location, you may need to obtain licenses, permits, or registrations at the state and local levels. Check with the Indiana Department of Revenue and local authorities for specific requirements.

Statistics of LLCs in Indiana


There were approximately 850,000 LLCs in Indiana in 2022, representing over 97% of all businesses in the state. LLCs employed approximately 1.9 million people in Indiana in 2022, or about 40% of the state’s workforce.

The top industries for LLCs in Indiana in 2022 were: Professional, scientific, and technical services (18%) Construction (14%) Retail trade (12%) Health care and social assistance (11%) Manufacturing (10%)

The average age of an LLC in Indiana in 2022 was 5 years. The median revenue for an LLC in Indiana in 2022 was $75,000.


There have been approximately 85,000 new LLCs formed in Indiana in 2023 so far, representing a 5% increase over the same period in 2022. LLCs continue to be the most popular business structure in Indiana, with over 97% of all new businesses being formed as LLCs.

The average age of a new LLC in Indiana in 2023 so far is 2 years. The median revenue for a new LLC in Indiana in 2023 so far is $50,000.

Comparison of Indiana LLC Formation Process with Other Popular States

Cost of Formation

Indiana: Offers an affordable option with relatively low filing fees (around $95 to $100) and budget-friendly annual reporting fees.

Delaware: Known for business-friendly laws but comes with higher initial and annual franchise tax fees, making it costlier for startups.

Nevada: Competitive filing fees but includes annual business license fees, which can add to the overall cost.

California: Has higher initial filing fees compared to Indiana and imposes an annual minimum franchise tax, potentially burdening businesses financially.

Ongoing Compliance Requirements

Indiana: Maintains straightforward annual reporting requirements with the filing of a Business Entity Report.

Delaware: Requires a more detailed annual franchise tax report, which can be complex, particularly for larger businesses.

Nevada: Involves an annual business license renewal, relatively simpler compared to Delaware but still incurs an annual fee.

California: Demands more stringent ongoing compliance, including annual statements of information and various state-level taxes and fees.

Privacy and Anonymity

Indiana: Lacks extensive anonymity and privacy protections offered by states like Delaware or Nevada, which allow for greater confidentiality in ownership.

Delaware: Provides a higher level of privacy by permitting the use of a registered agent and nominee officers and directors.

Nevada: Offers enhanced privacy options, such as nominee officers and directors, to shield member identities.

California: Provides fewer privacy provisions compared to Delaware and Nevada, making it less appealing for those seeking anonymity.

Legal Protections

Indiana: Offers robust limited liability protections to LLC members.

Delaware: Known for its Chancery Court system, preferred for resolving business disputes, and provides strong legal safeguards.

Nevada: Features a pro-business legal environment, offering liability protections and a specialized business court system.

California: Offers standard limited liability protections but has more complex and potentially litigious regulations.


Indiana: Offers pass-through taxation for LLCs, simplifying income reporting on personal tax returns.

Delaware: Has no state sales tax or value-added tax (VAT), making it attractive for certain businesses, though it does have an annual franchise tax.

Nevada: Similarly lacks state income tax or corporate tax, which can benefit certain businesses.

California: Imposes higher state income tax rates, and LLC members may face additional state-level taxes.

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In the world of business formation, the decision to establish an Indiana LLC, as explored in our comprehensive guide covering the Indiana LLC Cost Breakdown, Pros and Cons, and Requirements, emerges as a compelling choice for entrepreneurs and business owners.

With its cost-effective formation, strong legal protections, and a business-friendly environment, Indiana paves the way for an advantageous business venture.

It’s imperative to weigh these advantages against the annual compliance requirements and tax implications.

Ultimately, the choice of forming an Indiana LLC, when compared to other popular states, hinges on aligning your specific business goals and priorities with the unique features and offerings each state has to offer.

Careful consideration and consultation with professionals are vital in making a well-informed decision that will set your business on the path to success.

Additional Resources

For readers seeking more information on LLC formation in Indiana and related topics, here is a list of valuable resources and references:

Indiana Secretary of State – Business Services Division:

The official website of the Indiana Secretary of State’s Business Services Division provides detailed information on LLC formation, filing requirements, and access to important forms and documents.

Website: Indiana Secretary of State – Business Services Division

Indiana Small Business Development Center (ISBDC):

ISBDC offers valuable resources, workshops, and one-on-one consultations to assist small businesses and startups with various aspects of business planning and operations.

Website: Indiana SBDC

Indiana Department of Revenue:

For tax-related information, including sales tax and income tax obligations for your Indiana LLC, the Indiana Department of Revenue’s website is a valuable resource.

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